Gwalior Fort of 5th Century A.D. Distance 7 Kms. from K.V. No.1 AFS Gwalior .
• Jai Vilas Palace :- Museum of Scindias, Distance 4 Kms from K.V. No.1 Gwl.
• Datia Fort:- The Fort of local Rajput Chieftains, 75 Kms.
• Orchha:- Chhatries of Rajput Rulers, Jahangiri Fort and Ram Darbar , Distance 100 Kms.
• Sonagir:- Jain Temples of Last Centuries on a Hill , 65 Kms.
• Shivpuri National Park :- Approx: 100 Kms.
• Tighra Dam at Gwalior :- 40 Kms
The Gorgeous Fort City
Gwalior is an historical place of Madhya Pradesh. The strategically important fort at Gwalior dominates the city and for centuries it controlled one of the major routes between north and south India. You can reach Gwalior by choosing your favourite option from air, rail and road. Gwalior airport is just 8 km from the main city. Gwalior railway station is located on the Delhi-Chennai and Delhi-Mumbai rail routes. Gwalior is located in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Gwalior is 321 kilometers from the national capital New Delhi. Gwalior has good road network, which makes it easier for you to visit the tourist attractions in and around Gwalior. The climate of Gawlior is extreme hot during summer and too cold during winter, so best time to visit the city is between September and February.
TOURIST ATTRACTION IN AND AROUND GWALIOR
Gwalior"s history is traced back to a legend in 8th c entury AD when a chief tain known as Suraj Sen was struck by a deadly disease and cured by a hermit-saint Gwalipa. As a gratitude for that incidence, he founded this city by his name. The new city of Gwalior became existance over the centuries. City of Gwalior is a royal city of Madhya Pradesh. Gwalior is rich in tradition and modernity. India"s one of the developed cities, the city of Gwalior has many renowned institutions as well as chemical industries, cotton industries and ceramic industries. There also are many tourist attractions in and around Gwalior.The city is famous for its historical monuments and educational institutes. Some notable institutes are Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Indian Institute of Travel and Tourism Management, Scindia School, and Laxmibai National Institute of Physical Education. The city houses some marvelous monuments like Gwalior Fort, Man Mandir, Gujari Mahal, teli-ka-Mandir, Sas-bahu ka Mandir, Chhtries, Surya Mandir (a replica of the famed Konark Sun Temple in Orissa), Baija Taal cultural complex, museum of the freedom fighters and many other wonders built by different dynasties. The city is also the setting for the memorials of freedom fighters such as Tatya Tope and the indomitable Rani of Jhansi. Tigra dam is a famous picnic spot, which is constructed on the river Chambal. It is located 23 km away from the city of Gwalior. Tomar and Scindia rulers had built many attractive monuments, which are famous tourist places in Gwalior. Gwalior Fort is one of the prominent tourist places in Gwalior. Padmavati was an ancient name of Pawaya. Pawaya is located around 68 km away from the city of Gwalior. Dhoomeshwar Mahadeo Temple is also considered as one of the major tourist attractions in and around Gwalior. This temple is located on the banks of the Sindh river and the architectural style used is quite similar to Kandariya Mahadeo Temple of Khajuraho.
Gopalchal Parwat is situated on the Mountain Area at slopes of Gwalior Fort carries unique statue of Jain Tirthankars. The largest Idol of Bhagwan Parshwanath on Lotus is the largest statue(in single stone piece) in the world, being 47 feet high and 30 feet in width. 26 Jain statues in a series give a beautiful and attractivce picturescue. Built between 1398 to 1536 by Tomar Kings - these Jain Tirthankars Statues are a species of Architecture and a treasure of Old Indian heritage and culture.
Gwalior Fort :
Gwalior Fort is an outstanding attraction among the tourist places in Gwalior.
One of the greatest Tomar kings, Raja Man Singh built Gwalior Fort in the 15th century. Gwalior Fort is located on steep rock and the outer wall of the fort is about 2 miles in length and 35 meters in height. Mughal Emperor Babur described the Gwalior fort as "the pearl in the necklace of the forts of Hind". The fort is a blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture. Every powerful ruler had a dream of possessing this fort. The fort was handed from the Tomars to Mughals, Mughals to Scindias and so on. When India became independent the fort was in hands of Scindias.
Within the fort are some marvels of medieval architecture. The 15th century Gujari Mahal is a monument of Raja Mansingh Tomar for his Gujar queen, Mrignayani.The outer structure of the Gujari Mahal has survived in an almost total state of preservation; the interior has been converted into an Archaeological Museum.Six palaces, three complexes, temples and many water tanks are enclosed in the Gwalior Fort. The excellent examples of architecture within the fort are temples like Talika Mandir and Sas Bahu ka Mandir and palaces like Vikramaditya Mahal, the Man Mandir Palace, the Jahangir Mahal, the Shah Jahan Mahal, Karan Mandir or Kirti Mandir Palace and the Gujari Mahal. The Fort also has historic Gurudwara Data Bandhi Chhod, which was built in the memory of Guru Hargobind Singh. Gurudwara is made up of white marble and color glasses having gold cupolas on domes.
Gwalior Fort has two main entrances, one on the north-east and other on the south-west. Urbai Gate is the southwest entrance. There are statues of Jain Thirthankars on either sides of the road leading to Urbai gate. Some statues are even 20 meters tall in height.
There is also sound and light show organized at Gwalior Fort. The Son-et-Lumiere is held every evening at Man Mandir Palace. The beautifully lit Man Mandir Palace brings the legend to life.
So overall, the Gwalior Fort is a very interesting place to visit.
Man Mandir Palace or Man singh palace
Gwalior is famous city of Madhya Pradesh known for its rich tradition and modernity.City of Gwalior is popular for its tourist attractions. The city of Gwalior retains its tradition of strong music. Man Singh Palace is one of the best tourist attractions in Gwalior. It was built 1486 and 1517 by Raja Mansingh.
The palace of Raja Man Singh is known as Man Singh Palace. This palace is also known as Man Mandir Palace or Chitra Mandir and even Palace of Paintings. Chitra Mandir is one of the beautiful examples of carvings and paintings among the tourist places in and around Gwalior. Raja Man Singh built Man Singh Palace in the 15th century and is located within the Gwalior Fort. Gwalior Fort has six palaces enclosed in it and Man Singh Palace is one of those beautiful palaces. Rooms of this palace are spacious. Some rooms were used for musical concerts, which have fine screens for royal ladies to listen to music. Two floors are underground which have circular cells that were used as prisons. Within the palace rooms stand bare, stripped of their former glory, testifying to the passing of the centuries. Vast chambers with fine stone screens were once the music halls, and behind these screens, the royal ladies would learn music from the great masters of the day. Below, circular dungeons housed the state prisoners of the Mughals. Emperor Aurangzeb killed his brother Murad in this underground prison and so it got historical importance. Man Singh Palace also has Jauhar Kund. Following the Rajput tradition, queens use to perform self-immolation in this Jauhar Kund after their husbands were killed on the battlefield. At Man Mandir Palace, a poignant ambience of those days of chivalry and heroism still lingers in the silent chambers. Though the major portions of the Fort were built in the 15th century, references to this gigantic complex can be traced back to 425 AD.
You should not miss the sound and light show at Man Singh Palace, which has given so much importance to this palace among tourist attractions in Gwalior. The light show is organized every evening at this beautifully lit palace.
The 15th century Gujari Mahal is a monument of Raja Mansingh Tomar for his intrepid Gujar Queen, Mrignayani. The outer structure of Gujari Mahal has survived in an almost total state of preservation; the interior has been converted into Archaeological Museum. It houses rare antiquities,some of them dating back to the 1st century A.D. Even though many of these have been defaced by the iconoclastic Mughals , their perfection of form has survived the ravages of time. Particularly worth seeing is the statue of Shalbhanjika from Gyraspur, the tree goddess, the epitome of perfection in miniature . The statue is kept in the custody of the museum"s curator, and can be seen on request. The historically significant Gujari Mahal is part of the magnificent Gwalior fort complex and is worth a visit.
The Gujari Mahal seems to have survived the passage of Time and has a well preserved and ornate exterior. The interior houses an archeological museum that has an extensive collection of Hindu and Jain sculptures, archeological pieces from 1st and the 2nd century B.C, copies of Bagh cave frescoes and Terracotta items. The great musicians Tansen and Baiju Bawra are said to have received their early training in the school of music established and monitored by the Man Singh and his Gujar queen. It was in this hall and courtyard that the royal couple created several raagas and Man Singh composed and sang in Brajbhasa as against the customary Sanskrit. An erstwhile school for the British soldiers has now been transformed into one of the best schools in India and is run by the Scindia"s
Saas Bahu Temple
A 9th Century shrine, Saas-Bahu temple in the fort allures not only the devotees but also the tourists with its artistic value. As its name denotes, these temples are not dedicated to Sas (mother-in-law) and Bahu (daughter-in-law) but rather the short form of Shashtra Bahu, another name of Lord Vishnu.
These temples situated adjacent to each other and the larger one is elaborately decorated with beautiful carvings and sculptures. The roof of the larger temple is adorned with a marvelous lotus carving which is very fascinating. These ancient temples display exceptional architectural brilliance and are a perfect destination for pious people.
Teli ka Mandir :
Teli Ka Mandir is an ancient temple that is undoubtedly famous for its splendid architecture. Located in the Gwalior Fort complex, Teli Ka Mandir can be reached easily by taking local means of transport from Gwalior. The English version of Teli Ka Mandir is Oilman"s Temple. Built in 11th century, Oilman"s Temple is the oldest temple of the Gwalior Fort.
Elevating to the height of 100 feet, Teli Ka Mandir is the tallest and most stunning temple in the confines of the Gwalior Fort. The temple is actually dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the form of his mount, Garuda. The colossal image of "Garuda" (Mount of Lord Vishnu) is the major attraction of Teli Ka Mandir. This unusual image makes the circlet of the doorway, the highest structure in the Gwalior Fort.
"Teli Ka Mandir" sounds as an unusual term, but it has several theories behind its name. According to one of the legends, Rashtrakuta Govinda III seized the Gwalior Fort in 794. He handled the service of religious ceremonies and rituals to Telang Brahmins and as a result of this, the temple acquired its name. Another legend says that oil merchants or the men of Teli Caste took the initiative of temple"s construction. Due to it, the temple got its name. The third speculation reveals that name is linked with Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh. This revelation also approves with the synthesis of Dravidian and North Indian architectural styles.
The structure of the temple presents a perfect fusion of the northern and southern architectural styles of India. The "shikhar" (spire) of the temple is undeniably Dravidian in its style, whereas the ornamentation is done in the Nagara style (specific to North India). Unlike other temples, Oilman"s Temple doesn"t have any "mandap" or pillared hall. The temple comprises a sanctum sanctorum accompanied by a porch and a doorway. Teli Ka Mandir boasts about the heritage and rich culture of India.
Gurudwara Data Bandhi Chhod
Gurdwara Data Bandhi Chhod is situated within thet. It was built in honor of Guru Hargobind Sahib, the 6th Sikh Guru who was imprisoned by Emperor Jehangir for over two years. The is situated close to the gu
Jain Temple is situated on the Mountain Area at slopes of Gwalior Fort carries unique statue of Jain Tirthankars. The largest Idol of Bhagwan Parshwanath on Lotus is the largest statue(in single stone piece) in the world, being 47 feet high and 30 feet in width. 26 Jain statues in a series give a beautiful and attractivce picturescue.Built between 1398 to 1536 by Tomar Kings - these JainTirthankarsStatues are a species of Architecture and a treasure of Old Indian heritage and culture
Sonagiri is a sacred place of Digambar Jains. It has several white Jain temples around it. King Nanganang Kumar, along with his 15 million followers, achieved liberation at this place. Jain Temple at Dubkund is 76 miles away from Gwalior. It is built on a platform 3 feet high and 81 feet diameter. The temple also holds images of Teerthankars, Vidyadhars and other statues related to Shaiva and Vaishnava sects.
The Kala Vithika :
Kala Vithika is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Gwalior. The tourists can get a glimpse of the history and culture of Gwalior at Kala Vithika. The museum offers a delightful experience to the tourists coming to Gwalior.
Kala Vithika in Gwalior is the treasure house of arts that reveals the rich cultural heritage of Madhya Pradesh. Kala Vithika of Gwalior is located at the center of the city.
Tansen"s Tomb :
The father of Hindustani classical music, the great Tansen, one of the "nine Jewels" of Akbar"s court, lies buried in Gwalior. The memorial to this great musician has a pristine simplicity about it, and is built in the early Mughal architectural style. More than a monument, the Tansen"s Tomb is part of Gwalior"s living cultural heritage; it is the venue of a music festival on a national scale held annually in November-December. Leading musicians of the country gather here to give performances during the festival.
Jas Vilas Palace is one of the impressive palace and museum from popular tourist attractions in Gwalior. This palace was built in 1809 for the welcome ceremony of "Prince of Wales." Present Maharaja of Gwalior resides at Jas Vilas Palace.
About 35 rooms of Jas Vilas Palace have been converted in to the museum called as Jivaji Rao Scindia museum. It is very famous museum among the museums that rank in the tourist attractions in Gwalior.The structure is Italianate and combination of Corinthian and Tuscan architectural modes can be viewed at Jas Vilas Palace.
Jas Vilas Palace has its own splendours. This palace has crystal staircase and an attractive durbar hall that has two chandeliers, which are couple of tones in weight. Those were hung only after ten elephants had checked the strength of the roof. Some impressive features of this durbar hall are Persian carpets, heavy draperies and antique furniture from Italy and France. The imposing Darbar Hall has two central chandeliers weighing a couple of tonnes, and hung only after ten elephants had tested the strength of the roof. Jas Vilas Palace and Scindia Museum are filled with eye-catchy treasures like stuffed tigers and the a silver train with cutglass wagons which served guests as it chugged around the table on miniature rails, a glass cradle from Italy used for the baby Krishna each Janmashtami. It also has life size statue of Leda, Royce Royce on rails and a German bubble car. The swords that were worn by Emperors Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb are now the treasure for this museum. Much more things like the jeweled slippers of Chinkoo Rani, gifts from different countries, hunting trophies, four-poster beds and portraits are also present in this museum.Jas Vilas Palace and Scindia Museum shows you the rich culture and princely lifestyle of India. Treasure of Gwalior can be enjoyed at Jas Vilas Palace, the well known museum among the tourist attractions in Gwalior.
Darbar Hall :
The imposing Darbar Hall has two central chandeliers, weighing a couple of tonnes, and hung only after ten elephants had tested the strength of the roof. Ceilings picked out in gilt, heavy draperies and tapestries, fine Persian carpets, and antique furniture from France and Italy are features of these spacious rooms. Eyecatching treasures include : a silver train with cut-glass wagons which served guests as it chugged around on miniature rails on the tables; a glass cradle from Italy used for the baby Krishna each Janamashtami; silver dinner services and swords that were once worn by Aurangzeb and Shah Jehan.There are, besides, personal momentoes of the past members of the Scindia family: the jewelled slippers that belonged to Chinkoo Rani, four-poster beds, gifts from practically every country in the world, hunting trophies and portraits. The Scindia Museum offers an unparalleled glimpse into the rich culture and lifestyle of princely India
A newly built temple dedicated to the Sun god, the Sun Temple is located near residency at Morar, Gwalior. It is a facsimile of the famous Sun temple of Konark, Orissa and now this sun temple is one among the significant pilgrimage centers in Gwalior. Surya Mandir was built by G. D. Birla.
The temple is located in a serene ambience and a well-maintained garden within the temple premises is very attractive. This holy temple draws the locals and tourists alike who gather here to render their prayers. It makes one astounded that a shrine of comparatively modern origin holds such a highest regard, and became one among the most sought after pilgrimage centers in the city.
Gwalior Zoo :
The Gwalior Zoo curators, zoological managers and keepers take care of the animals" needs on a daily basis. An animal must have proper food, water, shelter, space and much more. The Zoo staff works at making our animal exhibits as natural as possible with trees, pools, shrubs, rocky outcroppings and other habitat additions. We add enrichment items to make an animal"s life more complex and interesting, such as hidden food treats, new smells, mixed species in an exhibit, "toys" or animal training. Our Veterinary Hospital takes animal health seriously. After all, good health is important if we want animals to have long lives and healthy babies. And since the Zoo has so many different kinds of animals, there are many different types of food we need to provide. Each group of animals has a specific diet that is determined by our nutritionist. We learn all we can about an animal"s natural behavior. We also study the animals in our care, such as their behavior or reproduction. It has some rare species of Indian wildlife kept in natural surroundings.
Gwalior State Archaeological Museum is a good example of antique and rare collections, which are difficult to find. Gwalior State Archaeological Museum was established in the year of 1922 and is situated in the city of Gwalior. It is established in the jail and hospital buildings of the British period. And it is located right in the front of Hathi Pole gate of the Gwalior Fort. Gwalior State Archaeological Museum has a sculpture that belongs to Shunga period. The Shunga dynasty had flourished in the Vidisha region. The antiquities found here are the sculptures, copper plates, stone pillars, inscriptions, inscribed seals, stone capitals, sati stones, terracotta, metal images and coins excavated from Besvagar (Vidisha), Pawaya (Padmavati), Maheshwar and Ujjain (Ujjayini). Museum also has the paintings from Bagh. Most of the Archeologists and the Anthropologists of India visit Gwalior State Archaeological Museum to observe and study an ancient Indian culture. The sculptures that belong to Sunga and Kushana period are recent collections of this museum. Those include life size images with heavy ornaments and garments. The sculptures of Nataraj, Maha Pasupatinath Siva, Ekmukha Sivalinga, Saptamatrika, Parsvanath, Adinath etc. enrich the display of this museum. The dynamic, natural and graceful sculptures of Suhania of 11th century AD preserve elements of unique and rich art traditions. These sculptures include Asthadikpalas, Dancers, Surasundaris, Vidhyadharas and Mithuna figures, etc.
Rani of Jhansi
Lakshmibai - The Rani of Jhansi (c. 1828 - 17 June 1858)
Lakshmi Bai (c. 1835-1858), the Rani of Jhansi, is a national hero in India for her fight against the injustices of the British Raj. The great heroine of the First war of India Freedom. She lived for only twenty-two years. She became a widow in her eighteenth year. Jhansi, of which she was the queen, was in the grip of the cunning, cruel British. She was the embodiment of patriotism, self-respect and heroism. She was the queen of a small state, but the empress of a limitless empire of glory.
Originally named Manikarnika at birth, she was born to a Maharashtrian Karhade Brahmin family sometime around 1828 in the Hindu city of Varanasi. She was educated at home. Her father Moropant Tambey traveled to the court of Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, the Maharaja of Jhansi, when Manu was thirteen years old. Rani Lakshmibai became a national heroine and was seen as the epitome of female bravery in India. When the Indian National Army created its first female unit, it was named after her
Rani Lakshmibai was determined to defend Jhansi. She proclaimed her decision with the famous words: Mi maajhi Jhansi naahi denaar [I will not give up my Jhansi. In September and October 1857, the Rani led the successful defense of Jhansi from the invading armies of the neighboring rajas of Datia and Orchha.
The rani died on June 17, during the battle of Gwalior. She donned warrior"s clothes and rode into battle to save Gwalior Fort, about 120 miles west of Lucknow in what is now the state of Madhya. There is dispute about the exact circumstances of her death. According to contemporary British reports she was mortally wounded by a stray bullet and climbed her own funeral pyre. The British captured Gwalior three days later. In the report of the battle for Gwalior, General Rose commented that the rani had been "the bravest and the best" of the rebels. Because of her bravery, courage, and wisdom and her progressive views on women"s empowerment in 19th century India, and due to her sacrifices, she became an icon of Indian independence movement. The rani was memorialized in bronze statues at both Jhansi and Gwalior, both of which portray her in equestrian style. Her father, Moropant Tambey, was captured and hanged a few days after the fall of Jhansi. Her adopted son, Damodar Rao, was given a pension by the British Raj, although he never received his inheritance.